Methods of contraception
Barrier methods of contraception prevent sperm cells from reaching the egg cell. They form a physical barrier:
Methods with hormones
The hormones prevent sperm cells from fertilizing an egg cell:
- they prevent ovulation.
- they make it more difficult for sperm cells to enter the uterus and reach the egg cell.
The hormones also make sure that an egg cell cannot be implanted:
Methods inserted in the uterus by a doctor
A doctor puts these methods of contraception inside the woman’s uterus:
Natural family planning
Natural family planning means that no methods of contraception are used. There are various methods of natural family planning:
- Not having sexual intercourse.
- Not having sexual intercourse when a woman is in her fertile days.
- Withdrawing the penis before the man ejaculates.
These methods are difficult to use correctly. This means that they are less reliable. Around 1 in 4 women get pregnant when using natural family planning.
Sterilization is permanent contraception. A doctor performs a small operation on the man or the woman. Sterilization prevents sperm cells from reaching the egg cell.
Abortion is not a method of contraception. You have an abortion when you are already pregnant.
Both partners share the responsibility for contraception. Talk with your partner about it.