Sterilization is a permanent method of contraception.
Sterilization is an operation that makes fertilization impossible. The sperm cells can no longer reach the egg cell.
It does not generally affect your health.
Both men and women can be sterilized.
Sterilization for men
After sterilization the man still has ejaculations. He produces semen without sperm cells. He can have sexual intercourse in the normal way.
The doctor blocks the sperm ducts.
Sperm cells can no longer travel along the sperm ducts to the prostate and seminal vesicles, where the semen is produced.
Have your semen tested after 3 months. If your semen does not contain any sperm cells, you can stop using othermethods of contraception.
Sterilization for women
Sterilization has no effect on the cycle, ovulation or menstrual period.
The doctor blocks the fallopian tubes.
Sperm cells can no longer reach the egg cell.
Sterilization: the operation
For men, the operation is performed under local anaesthetic. For women, the operation is usually performed using keyhole surgery, under local anaesthetic. Sometimes the doctor has to make an incision in the belly. This is done under general anaesthetic. After the operation, you can go home immediately, unless you have had a general anaesthetic.
Sterilization does not usually affect your sexual desire or sex life. Men and women can still have orgasms.
Sterilization is a permanent method of contraception. Reversal of sterilization is difficult and not always successful.
No protection against STIs and HIV
Sterilization does not protect against STIs or HIV. Only a condom can protect you.
Price of sterilization
Sterilization for a man costs between € 40 and € 400.
Sterilization for a woman costs more. It costs between € 100 and € 800.
Prices depend on:
- whether you have local or general anaesthetic;
- the materials used by the doctor;
- whether or not you stay in a single room in the hospital.
Some people have a right to increased reimbursement.