Natural family planning
There are various methods of natural family planning:
- Not having sexual intercourse. However, it is natural for people to have sex.
- Not having sexual intercourse when a woman is in her fertile days. This method is also called the rhythm method. However, it is difficult to know on which days a woman can get pregnant.
- Withdrawing the penis before the man ejaculates.
Withdrawing the penis before the man ejaculates:
- Before he ejaculates, a man may already lose a bit of fluid that might contain sperm cells.
- It is difficult to know exactly when the man ejaculates. An orgasm is often very overwhelming or fast and unexpected. Then it is very difficult to withdraw the penis before the first semen comes out.
- If the man ejaculates near to the vagina, sperm cells might reach the vagina. This means the woman could get pregnant.
The breast-feeding method only works under the following conditions:
- The method only works during the first 6 months following delivery. After 6 months, it is best to use a method of contraception, even if you have not had a menstrual period. For instance: the condom or the mini-pill.
- The woman must only breast-feed her baby. This means the baby only gets breast-milk. There should never be more than 4 hours between feedings during the day and 6 hours between feedings during the night.
- The woman should not express milk. Expressing milk is squeezing the breast with a hand or using a pump to suck milk from the breast.
If you do not meet these conditions, use a method of contraception. While breast-feeding, it is best to use a condom or the mini-pill.
Not very reliable
It is difficult to correctly use natural family planning methods. You can get pregnant if you do not use these methods correctly. Around 1 in 4 women get pregnant when using natural family planning.
The breast-feeding method is reliable during the first 6 months following delivery. Around 1 in 50 women get pregnant with this method. After 6 months, the method is no longer reliable.