The copper IUD is a method of contraception.
The copper IUD is a plastic tube in a T-shape with a copper thread tied around it.
It prevents pregnancy in 2 ways:
- The copper stops the sperm cells from moving.
- The copper also prevents implantation of an egg cell.
You can also use the copper IUD as emergency contraception.
How does the copper IUD work?
A doctor or gynaecologist usually places the copper IUD into the woman’s uterus during the first 12 days of her cycle. It can be painful, so you may be offered painkillers.
The copper IUD works for 5 to 10 years. After that time it needs to be replaced.
When the IUD is inserted, 2 short threads are left outside of the uterus. They are deep in the vagina, where you can feel them. This means that you can always check that the IUD is still in place.
The copper IUD is very reliable if used correctly. The risk of pregnancy is approximately 1 in 125.
Does not affect your health
The copper IUD does not contain hormones.
The copper IUD does not make you less fertile. If you want to get pregnant, you just have the IUD removed.
Your menstrual periods can become a bit heavier and more painful.
No protection against STIs and HIV
The copper IUD does not protect against STIs or HIV. Only a condom can protect you.
Price of a copper IUD
You need a prescription from a doctor to buy the copper IUD. Without a prescription you cannot buy the copper IUD. You can only buy the copper IUD in a pharmacy .
Ask a healthcare professional for more information.
Some health insurance funds repay part of the costs for contraception. Ask your health insurance fund about this.
You also have to pay a personal contribution for the visit to the doctor. Some people have a right to increased reimbursement or urgent medical care. Below are the addresses where you can see a doctor for free.