The hormonal IUD is a method of contraception. The hormonal IUD is a plastic tube in a T-shape. It contains 1 hormone.
How does the hormonal IUD work?
The hormonal IUD works as follows:
- The hormone makes it more difficult for sperm cells to reach the mucous membrane of the cervix. The sperm cells will then have difficulties reaching the uterus, where the egg cell is located.
- The hormone prevents implantation of an egg cell.
A doctor or gynaecologist places the spiral into the woman’s uterus during the first 7 days of her cycle.
The hormonal IUD works for 5 years. After 5 years it needs to be replaced.
When the IUD is inserted, 2 short threads are left outside of the uterus. They are deep in the vagina, where you can feel them. This means that you can always check that the IUD is still in place.
Does not affect your health
This hormonal IUD contains 1 hormone. This hormone does not generally affect your health. However, in some cases it is better to choose a different method of contraception. Ask a doctor for advice.
There is also a copper IUD. This is an IUD with a copper thread tied around it. The copper IUD is thought to stop the sperm cells from moving. The copper stops the sperm cells from moving.
The hormonal IUD does not make you less fertile. If you want to get pregnant, you just have the IUD removed.
During the first months of use, you may have side-effects such as acne, tender breasts and headaches. These effects usually disappear on their own. If they do not disappear, consult a doctor.
Your menstrual periods can become less heavy and often stop altogether. It is OK if your menstrual periods stop. The blood cannot accumulate in your body. For some women, periods become heavier. Others keep on having irregular menstrual periods or bleeding between 2 periods. That is also OK.
No protection against STIs and HIV
The hormonal IUD does not protect against STIs or HIV. Only a condom can protect you.
Price of a hormonal IUD
You need a prescription from a doctor to buy the hormonal IUD. Without a prescription you cannot buy the IUD. You can only buy the IUD in a pharmacy
Ask a healthcare professional for more information.
Some health insurance funds repay part of the costs for contraception. Ask your health insurance fund about this.
You also have to pay a personal contribution for the visit to the doctor. Some people have a right to increased reimbursement or urgent medical care. Below are the addresses where you can see a doctor for free.