Privacy (confidentiality) means that you have the right to talk to a person or persons without them passing on your personal information to someone else, unless you agree.
Privacy is also guaranteed by law in the following situations:
- The OCMW (Public Welfare Centre) is obliged to respect your privacy. It cannot share any information on medical certificates or information that can be derived from them, with migration services, the police or any other institution. The OCMW can only use this information for the payment of medical invoices.
- Doctors and medical institutions are bound by professional confidentiality. They are not allowed to share any information about their patients. There are some exceptions described in the law. For example: to protect a patient who is a victim of sexually abusive behaviour.
- Social organisations such as CAWs (centres for general well-being) are also bound by professional confidentiality.
Privacy of adolescents
As long as children are financially dependent on their parents, they share the parents’ social security account with their parents, even if they are over 18 years of age. The mutuality (health insurance fund) shares information on, for example, tests and doctor’s visits with their parents. To keep this information private, adolescents can ask:
- a doctor for a third-party payment scheme;
- to have medical invoices sent to their own address rather than to their parents’ address.