Pelvic floor muscles
Pelvic floor muscles are the muscles at the bottom of the belly. Both men and women have pelvic floor muscles.
Pelvic floor muscles have 3 functions:
- They keep the bladder, bowel (women and men) and uterus (women) in the right place.
- They prevent urine and faeces from leaving the body unintentionally.
- They are important for sexual pleasure and sexual wellbeing.
Pelvic floor muscles can be easily trained.
If a woman is anxious or tense, she can unwillingly contract the pelvic floor muscles during sexual intercourse. The vagina can become too tight and penetration becomes difficult or impossible. Try to find out what is causing the muscles to contract. Talking about it with your partner can help.
If a woman contracts her pelvic floor muscles during orgasm, she can increase the pleasure she feels.
During pregnancy, the woman’s pelvic floor muscles stretch. After delivery, the muscles need exercise to recover. Ask a health professional for advice.
Pelvic floor muscles help a man to get and keep an erection.